How to Clean up a Computer & Fix Problems for Free (with Pictures)

Part 1

Basic Troubleshooting

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    Reboot your laptop when you’re experiencing points. This might sound like a easy suggestion, however rebooting your laptop will clear up extra issues than you could assume. Make certain to save any open paperwork earlier than rebooting.

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    Reset your community if you cannot join to the web.

    If you may go to web sites, and now you may’t, strive rebooting your community {hardware}. This will usually repair connection issues with modems and routers.

    • Unplug the facility cable out of your modem, and unplug the facility cable out of your router (you probably have one).
    • Wait about thirty seconds, then plug your modem again in.
    • After the lights in your modem have completed turning on, plug your router again in. Your community needs to be up and working once more in about a minute.
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    Check your laptop’s clock. in case your system clock someway obtained set incorrectly, you will not be ready to load safety certificates from web sites. This could cause issues loading many webpages. Check your system clock and set it to the right time.

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    Reboot your printer if you cannot join to it.

    If your printer is not showing, rebooting it might get it to present up once more. Either flip the printer off with the Power button or pull the facility twine out. Wait about thirty seconds, then energy it again on.



Part 2

Removing Adware and Cleaning Browsers (Windows)

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    Open the Control Panel.

    If your internet browsers are working gradual, or your plagued with pop-ups, ads, and toolbars, you’ll have an adware an infection. Adware is undesirable software program that’s designed to hijack your internet browser, main you to totally different searches and littering your browser with adverts. The first step in the direction of eradicating these infections is by uninstalling unknown packages by way of the Control Panel. The course of varies a little relying in your model of Windows:

    • Windows 10 and eight – Right-click on the Windows button and choose “Control Panel.”
    • Windows 7, Vista, and XP – Click the Start button and choose “Control Panel” from the Start menu.
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    Select “Uninstall a program” or “Programs and Features.” This will show a listing of all the packages put in in your laptop.

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    Find recently-installed packages that you do not acknowledge. You can kind the listing by set up date, which might help you discover packages which will have been put in lately with out your information. Go by way of every program on the listing and make notice of those you do not acknowledge. Perform a internet search for every unrecognized entry to decide whether it is an undesirable program.

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    Select an undesirable program and click on “Uninstall.

    Follow the prompts to take away this system out of your system. Repeat for any further packages that you really want to take away.

    • This can be a good time to take away packages that you simply do acknowledge, however not want. Old video games, unused browsers, utilities that you simply used as soon as after which by no means used once more, and different authentic packages can add to your laptop’s bloat. Remove them to free up some area and doubtlessly pace up your laptop’s start-up time.
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    Download AdwCleaner. This is a free utility that can scan for frequent adware and malware, after which take away what it finds. You can obtain AdwCleaner from toolslib.internet/downloads/viewdownload/1-adwcleaner/.

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    Run AdwCleaner. Click the “Scan” button in AdwCleaner to scan your laptop for infections. This might take 20 minutes or so to full. Once the scan is full, click on “Clean” to take away any infections that AdwCleaner discovered.

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    Download and set up Malwarebytes Anti-Malware. The free model of this program can discover and take away most infections. You can obtain the installer by visiting and choosing “Download.” You can then click on the “Download Free Version” button. Run the installer after downloading it to set up this system.

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    Run a scan in Anti-Malware. Launch Malwarebytes Anti-Malware and obtain any updates if prompted to. Start a scan of your laptop, which can take 20-30 minutes. Remove something that the scan finds by clicking “Quarantine All” after the scan has accomplished.

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    Download and run a shortcut cleaner.

    Many adware infections will add hyperlinks to your browser shortcuts, which can trigger the mistaken web site to load even after eradicating the an infection. A free shortcut cleaner created by the anti-malware neighborhood can scan all your shortcuts and take away malicious hyperlinks. You can obtain the scanner


    . Run the downloaded program to rapidly scan and repair your browser shortcuts.

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    Reset your internet browsers.

    Your internet browsers should still have lingering remnants of the malware eliminated by the scanners. Resetting your browsers will take away any further software program and return them to their default settings:

    • Internet Explorer – Click the Tools button and choose “Internet options.” Click the “Advanced” tab and click on “Reset.” Check the “Delete personal settings” field and click on “Reset.”
    • Chrome – Click the Chrome Menu button and choose “Settings.” Click “Show advanced settings” after which scroll to the underside. Click “Reset settings” after which click on “Reset.”
    • Firefox – Click the Firefox Menu button after which click on “?”. Select “Troubleshooting Information” after which click on “Refresh Firefox.” Click “Refresh Firefox” once more to verify.
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    Reboot your laptop and run Anti-Malware and AdwCleaner once more. After you are completed cleansing and resetting your shortcuts and browsers, you must reboot your laptop and run each scans once more. There should still be lingering traces that present up once more after a reboot.


Part 3

Removing Adware and Cleaning Safari (Mac)

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    Remove any unknown packages out of your Applications folder.

    Your Applications folder homes all the packages which might be put in in your system. If you see some suspicious packages that you do not acknowledge, drag them to the Trash to uninstall them.

    • Perform a internet search for every program that you do not acknowledge to see what it does and whether it is protected.
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    Download and set up Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac.

    This program used to be known as AdwareMedic, and is among the only instruments for discovering and eradicating malware on a Mac. You can obtain this system for free from


    • Once you’ve got downloaded the file, double-click it and drag Anti-Malware for Mac into your Applications folder.
    • If you get a message saying that you may’t set up this system since it is not from the App Store, right-click (Ctrl-click) the downloaded file, choose “Open,” then choose “Open” once more.
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    Launch Anti-Malware for Mac and scan your laptop. You’ll be prompted for your admin password whenever you launch Anti-Malware for the primary time. This is required so as to take away sure recordsdata from protected areas that want particular privileges. Click the “Scan” button to start scanning your Mac for malware. This will take about 15-20 minutes.

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    Click “Remove Selected Items” after the scan is full.

    This will take away something that Anti-Malware finds in the course of the scan. You could also be prompted to reboot your laptop to full the method.



Part 4

Optimizing Your Computer (Windows)

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    Update Windows.

    Installing the newest out there updates might assist repair errors you are experiencing, and can hold your laptop safe and secure. Windows Update will deal with all the checking and putting in. Open the Start menu or display and kind “windows update” to discover the Windows Update utility.

    • In Windows 10, you could find the Windows Update utility within the “Update & Security” part of the brand new Settings menu.
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    Check your out there free area.

    The quantity of area in your onerous drive would not usually have a large influence in your efficiency, however when you dip beneath 20% free area on the drive Windows is put in on, you could discover some slowdown. Windows depends on this free area to transfer and retailer short-term recordsdata, and with out it your laptop can gradual to a crawl. Regularly clearing out outdated recordsdata might help hold your system working easily.

    • Open the Computer/This PC window (⊞ Win+E) and discover your Windows drive (normally C:). This drive ought to have not less than 20% free area out there for optimum efficiency.
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    Run the Disk Cleanup instrument to scan for and take away outdated short-term recordsdata.

    Open the Start menu or display and kind “disk cleanup” to discover the utility. Select your Windows drive and wait for it to be analyzed. Check the containers for every of the varieties of recordsdata you need to take away. Each entry will show how a lot area you’ll reclaim by deleting them.

    • Check your Downloads and Documents folders to see when you’re stockpiling outdated recordsdata you do not want anymore.
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    Uninstall outdated, unused packages.

    As you employ your laptop, you may possible accrue a number of packages that you simply used as soon as however then forgot about. These outdated packages can take up a lot of area in your drive, and a few could also be working within the background, taking up system assets. Regularly uninstalling outdated packages might help hold your laptop working easily.

    • Open the Control Panel and choose “Uninstall a program” or “Programs and Features.” Make your manner by way of the listing of put in packages and take away those you do not use anymore. Highlight a program and click on “Uninstall” to take away it. If you are not certain what a program is, look it up utilizing a internet search.
    • A free program known as “PC Decrapifier” can scan your laptop for software program that many individuals take into account pointless. These undesirable packages usually come preinstalled on computer systems, and are referred to as “bloatware.” You can obtain PC Decrapifier for free for house use at It would not want to be put in, simply run this system after downloading it and permit it to scan your laptop. If it finds any bloatware, it could take away all of it without delay.
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    Clean up your startup sequence.

    Many packages will set themselves to begin alongside Windows. While this makes opening this system faster whenever you want it, too many packages can have a important influence on the time it takes for Windows to begin.

    • Windows 10 and eight – Press Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Esc to open the Task Manager. Click “More details” to develop it, then click on the “Startup” tab. Select the gadgets you need to take away out of your startup and click on “Disable.” If you are not certain what a program is or if its required for startup, carry out a internet search for it.
    • Windows 7 and Vista – Press ⊞ Win+R and kind “msconfig.” Click the “Startup” tab. Uncheck the field subsequent to every merchandise you need to disable. If you do not know what one of many packages is, you may look it up on-line. Just kind the “Startup Item” identify into a search engine and the primary outcomes ought to let you understand what it’s.
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    Try different packages for a few of your favorites.

    A number of fashionable packages are poorly optimized, and might gradual your laptop down once they’re working. Common culprits embody Norton Antivirus, iTunes, and Adobe Reader. All of those packages have free, lightweight options that may considerably pace up your laptop.


    • Instead of utilizing Norton as your antivirus, think about using Windows’ built-in Microsoft Defender. Avast and Bit-Defender are additionally two fashionable free choices. See Turn On Windows Defender for directions on utilizing Windows Defender.
    • If you employ iTunes for your media, take into account a program like foobar2000 or MediaMonkey, each of which help syncing your iOS gadget.


Part 5

Optimizing Your Computer (Mac)

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    Install the newest out there updates.

    Your Mac OS X and different software program updates can hold your system secure and working easily. Updates ought to set up routinely, however it’s good to test each as soon as in a whereas and see if a vital replace is queued.

    • Open the Mac App Store and click on the Updates tab on the prime of the window. Review and set up any out there updates for your system and put in packages.
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    Free up area in your onerous drive.

    If you are working low on free area, your Mac’s efficiency might take a hit. Clearing out outdated recordsdata and packages can go a good distance in the direction of bettering your Mac’s responsiveness.

    • Uninstall outdated packages by dragging them from the Applications folder to the Trash.
    • Check your Downloads and Documents folders to see if there are any outdated recordsdata that you may delete.
    • Programs like CleanMyMac3, Disk Inventory X, and DaisyDisk can discover and take away tons of outdated junk recordsdata out of your laptop. You can free up a important quantity of area utilizing a file elimination instrument.
    • Use Monolingual to take away unused language recordsdata. You can get it for free from monolingual.sourceforge.internet/. Don’t take away the language you employ or the English language, as this will trigger issues with the working system.
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    Remove extra icons out of your desktop. If your desktop is chock stuffed with icons, this could possibly be slowing down your system. Pare down your icons and recordsdata in your desktop to assist enhance efficiency.

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    Clean up your startup sequence.

    Some packages will set themselves to begin as your Mac boots up. This makes it barely simpler to load this system whenever you want it, however too many will make your Mac take ceaselessly to begin.

    • Click the Apple menu and choose “System Preferences.”
    • Select the “Users & Groups” choice then choose “Login Items.”
    • Select an app that you really want to forestall from loading at startup and click on the “-” button. You might have to click on the padlock and enter your admin password first.
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    Check your onerous disk with Disk Utility.

    Sometimes recordsdata and permissions get corrupted, which might trigger issues along with your Mac. The included Disk Utility can scan for and repair all these issues.

    • Launch Disk Utility from the Utilities folder within the Applications folder.
    • Select your onerous drive within the left body.
    • Click the “First Aid” tab after which click on “Verify Disk.” The scan will start, which can take a whereas to full.
    • Click the “Repair Disk” button if the scan stories any errors.


Part 6

Keeping Your Computer Running Smoothly

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    Be very cautious when downloading packages from the web.

    The most typical supply of adware infections is further software program put in whilst you thought you had been putting in one thing else. Whenever you obtain a program from the web, pay shut consideration to every display of the installer, particularly if it is free. Be certain to decline any further provides and double-check every checkbox.

    • Look for open-source options, which usually is not going to have any adware within the installer.
    • Avoid obtain websites like CNet or Tucows, as these will strive to get you to use their ad-serving obtain supervisor packages.
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    Run a light-weight antivirus.

    If you are utilizing a Windows laptop, you must have an antivirus program working at nearly all occasions. Windows Defender is normally greater than enough, however you should utilize Avast, Bit-Defender, Kaspersky, or different respected antivirus packages as properly. Just just remember to solely have one anti-virus enabled at a time, as they will battle with one another.

    • See Install an Antivirus for detailed directions on discovering and putting in an antivirus program.
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    Blow out mud on a common foundation.

    Too a lot mud could cause warmth to construct up inside your laptop. If your laptop will get too scorching, the parts will routinely decelerate to strive to decrease the temperature. Keeping your laptop clear and funky might help be sure it is all the time working at peak effectivity. This is much more necessary you probably have pets or smoke in the home.

    • You can buy cans of compressed air or use an air compressor to take away most mud from inside the pc.
    • See Clean a PC for tips about cleansing all the mud out of your laptop.
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    Uninstall packages whenever you’re completed with them. If you keep on prime of your put in packages, you may hold your laptop bloat-free for a very long time. Remove packages as soon as you do not want them anymore, and you may free up numerous area. You may even hold backups of the installers so that you could rapidly set up them once more sooner or later with out having to re-download the recordsdata.


Community Q&A

Add New Question

  • Question

    My mouse pointer retains freezing up. How can I repair this?

    Try cleansing the underside of the mouse — that may assist. If not, strive to transfer the mouse over a totally different space on the desk. Check that the batteries are working too, whether it is a wi-fi mouse. If it nonetheless would not enhance, it might want a good clear inside or it might want changing.

  • Question

    What can I do if my left laptop computer secret’s caught?

    See if you will get a fingernail beneath it and gently pry it up; a needle, paperclip or a small piece of photograph paper may work as properly. Also, strive pushing down the correct key and tapping the left.

  • Question

    What do I do if my PC was hacked wirelessly by somebody and so they have management of my settings?

    If have management of the mouse, first disconnect out of your Wi-Fi. This forestall the hackers from controlling your laptop remotely. After disconnecting from the Internet, restart your laptop in Safe Mode. Run antivirus cleaners, disk cleanup and delete short-term recordsdata. Do not reconnect to the Internet till all scans are full and malware eliminated. Activate Windows Defender, Disk Cleanup, Norton Antivirus, Avast, or different safety utilities you have got, and uninstall recently-installed packages.

  • Question

    My laptop is working too gradual in Windows 10. How can I repair it for free?

    There are many causes for a slow-working laptop: 1) Your Hard disk drive could also be too fragmented. To keep away from this use a defragmenting program (Windows Defrag, Defraggler, and many others.) about as soon as a month to “resort” the knowledge. 2) You have manner too many web leftovers (cookies, short-term recordsdata, and many others. ). Use CCleaner commonly. 3) You might have too many packages working on the similar time on the laptop begin up. Disable the ineffective ones with Task Manager.

  • Question

    My laptop comes on however it would not go previous the HP display home windows. It simply says begin up menu display. What can I do?

    Shut down the pocket book. Remove the AC Adapter after which take away the battery. Hold down the facility button for a full minute. Re-insert the battery, plug within the AC Adapter and see if the pocket book will begin.

  • Question

    Why are 5 and 6 the one digits that work on my keyboard?

    That appears like a {hardware} situation. If it is a desktop, purchase a new keyboard. If it is a laptop computer, purchase a USB or wi-fi keyboard and use that as a substitute. You will discover it simpler when you get an exterior mouse as properly.

  • Question

    What if my disc participant isn’t enjoying correctly?

    Power off the CPU (and monitor too, to keep away from electrostatic discharge). Unplug and detach the {hardware} contained in the CPU, then unplug once more and re-install it. Test to see it it is okay. If not, simply purchase a new one or test if a pal or relative has an extra participant he/she needs to promote.

  • Question

    What do I do if my laptop isn’t connecting to my community?

    Did it used to join beforehand and stopped or is it a new addition? If it used to join however stopped, strive resetting your router. If a password was modified, be sure to replace the brand new laptop. Check the community card and its settings. Is the community dynamic or fastened IP? Make certain your configuration matches and correctly replace if a new IP. Is the community wi-fi? Make certain nothing is presumably blocking the sign. A brand new sofa can typically intrude. Did you progress the pc or router to a totally different location? More partitions can have an effect on the sign. Also, cable size may be a issue. How outdated is the set up? Cables get outdated. Maybe they want changing.

  • Question

    How do I take away PogoGames from my laptop?

    Press the home windows button, then kind “Programs and Features”. Run it, then scroll to no matter program you are attempting to uninstall. Double click on it to uninstall.

  • Question

    How can I repair my sound issues?

    You can repair a sound downside by restarting your gadget, or googling the make/mannequin of your laptop and seeing if there are any driver updates you want to set up.

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Unanswered Questions

  • What ought to I do if my electrical energy is working however my laptop will not activate?
  • What do I do if my laptop computer is not connecting to the community?
  • What do I do if when I’m putting in Windows on my laptop computer, it solely goes to 64% and stops?
  • When I strive to obtain a recreation I get open as a substitute of run then nothing will load. How can I repair this?
  • What do I do if it says the sync is not engaged on my laptop?

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Article SummaryX

If you need to clear up a laptop and repair issues for free, begin by rebooting the pc. If you need to take away adware on Windows, open the Control Panel and click on on the choice to “uninstall a program.” Find recently-installed packages that you simply don’t acknowledge, then choose this system and click on the “Uninstall” button. You also can obtain a free utility like AdwCleaner to scan and take away any frequent adware and malware. For tips about eradicating adware and cleansing Safari on a Mac, hold studying!

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This article was co-authored by our skilled workforce of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.


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  1. Wow great

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