Report shows migrations of Africans now within Africa

There is a general perception around the world that Africans are
leaving the continent en masse, risking their lives for a chance to
stay in countries such as the U.S. and the U.K. But a recent report
suggests that the perception is ill-informed. Rather, migration in
Africa today is taking place within the continent.
According to a report by the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development (UNCTAD) titledEconomic Development in Africa
Report 2018: Migration for Structural Transformation, in 2017, 19
million international migrants moved within Africa while 17 million
Africans left the continent. Moreover, 5.5 million people came into
the continent from outside, making Africa an emigration
destination.
According to the report, the top five intra-African migration
destinations in 2017 were South Africa, Cote d’Ivoire, Uganda,
Nigeria, and Ethiopia (all exceeding a million migrants). UN experts
say that despite the hostility it often displays to migrants, South
Africa remains the top destination for African migrants because of
the perceived strength of its economy.
As former Liberian president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who chairs the
UN High-Level Panel on Migration, explains, “countries with
relatively higher levels of economic and human development such
as Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, South Africa, Ghana and Senegal
tend to have comparatively higher emigration rates outside the
continent than poorer countries”.
African countries also benefit from intra-migration. According to
the report, international migrants contributed to 19 per cent of Côte
d’Ivoire’s GDP(2008), 13 per cent in Rwanda (2012), nine per cent
in South Africa (2011) and one per cent in Ghana (2010).
Remittances also helped the continent a great deal. UNCTAD says
that both intra- and extra-continental migration are needed to
support the continent’s structural transformation. Remittance
inflows to Africa almost doubled from U.S. $38.4 billion in the
2005–2007 period to $64.9 billion from 2014 to 2016. According
to AllAfrica, this accounted for 51 per cent of private capital flows
to Africa in 2016, up from 42 per cent in 2010.
Still, as the report notes, “Images of thousands of African youth
drowning in the Mediterranean, propelled by poverty or conflict at
home and lured by the hope of jobs abroad, have fed a misleading
narrative that migration from Africa harms rather than helps the
continent.” Presenting statistics like these is the one way to
combat this widely unsubstantiated story.

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3 Comments

  1. that’s good

  2. Ok

  3. Hmm

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